Laboratory of Latent Print Examination
Hungarian experts use the numerical standard for identification which requires 10 minutiae. We also consider the qualitative criteria (for example clarity, extent of distortion), and other facts (such as surface, method of development).
Fingerprint examination consists of two phases. In the first phase of examination, we analyse the visible prints. The second phase is fingerprint identification examination. The processing may be automatic or manual.
We have six separate databases in the Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS):
- Under Criminal procedure and Convicted persons database;
- Asylum seekers procedure database;
- Refugees procedure database;
- Eliminational database;
- International database;
- Unsolved Latents database.
Tenprints and palmprints can be found in the criminal and eliminational databases as well as there are only tenprints in the asylum seekers, refugees and international databases.
Our AFIS stores only biometric data without any personal data.
Laboratory of Person Identification and Database Management
The laboratory processes fingerprint and palmprint cards regarding criminal, and fingerprint cards with respect to asylum seekers and refugees cases.
The cards are made by ink or LiveScan.
Every card is searched in the relevant fingerprint database for antecedent, and the result is verified by an examiner.
The cards with the fingerprints stored in the database are checked against the unsolved latent database.
The Department of Dactyloscopy has accreditation since 2012 according to the ISO 17025. We are involved in several international proficiency tests (for example CTS, ENFSI, Ron Smith & Associates).
Head of the Department of Dactyloscopy
Szilvia Bánovics forensic fingerprint expert
- Prüm Treaty - we take part in international data exchange in the frame of Prüm Treaty: our experts implement the Prüm-type exchange of biometric data with 24 member states
- Eurodac - a common policy on asylum, including a Common European Asylum System, is a constituent part of the European Union's objective of progressively establishing an area of freedom, security and justice open to those who, forced by circumstances, seek international protection in the Union: Department of Dactyloscopy takes part in relation of upload data to Eurodac Central System and verify comparisons, moreover send notifications to national endpoints about these results
- EFP-WG - we actively participate in the European Fingerprint Working Group of the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) >>visit website
Contact for international relations
- Zsolt Besze